For class preparation or scholarly research, you may make a single copy of portions of any of the following copyrighted materials:
When making multiple copies of materials for classroom use, you should:
In making multiple copies, you might want to consider the tests of brevity, spontaneity, and cumulative effect , as described in the next three boxes.
Accepted examples of photocopied materials include:
The decision to use a work and its scheduled use must be so close in time that you lack adequate time to expect permission to be obtained. Thus, you cannot re-use materials that only use the test of spontaneity.
Making multiple photocopies should not pose a potentially adverse effect on the marketplace. You should:
Material posted on the internet (e.g. to a website) has the same protection as any other material. Putting a work on the internet does not imply that the material is public domain or that it may be freely used. Material after 1978 may still be protected by copyright even if it doesn't carry the © or any other kind of copyright notice.