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APA Quick Guide: 6th Edition: Home

Citation Managers

APA Edition

Examples in this quick guide follow the guidelines in:

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: APA.

Please note: other editions of the Publication Manual may format some citations differently.  Confirm your instructor's expectations before completing your research paper.

Additional Information:

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). [Supplemental material]. (2010). Washington, DC: APA. Retrieved from


Works referred to in a paper are provided brief In-Text Citations at the point in the paper where the reference is made and complete citations in the References section of the paper.  Each source mentioned in the text must be cited in the Reference list and each source in the Reference list must be referred to in the text. 

In-Text Citation

A brief citation within the text of the paper.

Example: (Costall, 2004)

Reference List Entry

A complete citation of the source in an alphabetized list at the end of the document.


Costall, A. (2004). From Darwin to Watson (and Cognitivism) and back again: the principle of animal-environment mutuality. Behavior & Philosophy, 32, 179-195.


Thanks to the creators of the following LibGuides, which served as useful resources in the development of this guide.

  • Rob Snyder, Bowling Green State University, APA
  • Jessica Long, Miami University Libraries, APA Citation Style Guide
  • Brother Edmond Drouin Library, Walsh University