The Northwest Territory
Artist: Copy by Sarah Emerson of a copy by E. Lakeman (Salem, MA), of original by Frothingham
Oil on canvas, ca. 1820-25.
Manasseh Cutler (1744-1823) was a New England minister, physician, teacher, and lawyer. In 1787, as an agent for the Ohio Company of Associates, he successfully negotiated with the Confederation Congress to purchase 1.5 million acres of land in the Ohio Country. In this role, he was influential in the drafting of the Northwest Ordinance, especially with regard to the provisions that prohibited slavery and encouraged education. Cutler is credited as the founder of Ohio University, the first school of higher education in the Northwest Territory.